Rutaria in the interior
Rutarias are considered a relatively new trend in floristry, combining the use of plants and classic arrangement methods. They were born from a symbiosis of landscape design and the art of composing florariums. A garden on a snag or roots is original, expressive, it was once perceived as a purely garden object, then as an attribute of oriental interiors, but today it has become a fashionable way not only to use plants in the interior, but also to create an entire art object with them.
Rutarias - plants on the roots, moving from the garden to rooms
Rutarias are compositions based on roots, stumps, branches of large woody ones, usually in the form of very decorative, picturesque snags. Initially, rutarium was the name for a garden section decorated with ornamental plants and wood roots (even its name comes from the English “root” - “root”).
This is a technique of landscape design, most often used in landscape styles of landscape design for the design of terraces and recreation areas. But the short-lived and highly decorative garden rutarias today are actively capturing floristry as well, changing the format - from landscape to indoor. In the room format, rutarium is a composition of plants planted on a wood base, additionally decorated and turned into a living sculpture.
One of the main advantages of any rutaria is uniqueness. Repeating compositions twice, creating completely identical rutarias is absolutely impossible. This uniqueness is explained very simply: rutarium is prepared only on the basis of natural fragments of a tree, but in nature you cannot meet two identical roots. Like the same plants with which the roots are decorated.
Rare, unique and memorable, rutaria are living sculptures and real works of art created on the symbiosis of landscape design, sculpture and floristry. And they should look like a dedication, an ode to nature and its beauty. Unusual and interesting, they seem to impose the art of decoration on the unique and unattainable perfection of nature.
Rutaria is one of those landscaping options in which philosophy and the spiritual component are no less important than functionality. They do not play a purely practical role, but serve only for aesthetic pleasure and create a certain mood, prompting reflection, embodying our life positions. Filled with symbolism, rutarium returns us to the roots, to nature, symbolizes awareness and knowledge of its origins, the importance of preserving natural resources, love of nature in all its greatness.
Traditionally, rutaria are used to decorate greenhouses, conservatories, living rooms and halls, large, spacious rooms in which such a root garden plays the role of a catchy decor, similar in effect to the sculpture interior. Most often, rutarium is chosen for oriental interior styles and in modern design with a focus on eco-materials.
How to make a rutarium with your own hands?
Roots and other wood - rutaria base
The basis of rutaria is the roots and other fragments of a dry tree. Stumps, driftwood, beautiful root fragments are used one at a time or in groups, taken from the same tree or represent different types of plants. Today, the advantage is given precisely to the roots, since their bizarre bends and unusual texture look unique in themselves.
The most popular basis for rutaria is bromeliads and various fragments of roots and branches left after the death of trees, storms, and hurricanes. In the bromeliads, bizarre forms are combined with a compact size, and the presence of natural cavities helps to achieve a unique effect of growing ornamental plants into the structure of a tree. But you can achieve the same result with more familiar trees.
Choosing the basis for rutaria, try to achieve the most interesting silhouette and complex image. In rutaria, puzzles, multi-level, non-standard are welcome. The more expressive and interesting the created object will be, the better. But do not forget about the influence of forms and lines on the interior: even the most beautiful rutaria should fit into your room and the place that you assigned to them.
Evaluate the influence of the basis of the rutaria, the lines and the location near and from a distance: a real rutarium should create a feeling of expanding borders, a new dimension, attract eyes, but not suppress the rest of the design. Therefore, consider everything: the height of the ceiling, and the dominant lines, and the style and shape of the furniture.
Fragments of a tree in rutaria are used after special processing. You can buy them in garden centers or construction stores, choose yourself in the forest, park after the storm, in your garden. But do not forget about the importance of treatment with antiseptics and disinfectants, which will get rid of insects, usually living under the bark. If you are preparing the basis for rutarium yourself, then the selected wood will need:
- cleaning from the soil, and if desired - and the bark;
- disinfection in the form of scalding, treatment with steam or antiseptics;
- coating with special protective impregnations and insecticide;
- coating with varnish or other finishing materials (oil and wax oil are often used to emphasize texture).
If desired, any wood can be additionally tinted, giving it a coloristic or textural accent to better match the style of the interior. Especially popular is this additional decoration for modern interiors. Processing is carried out by means for decorating wood - azure, oil, impregnation, varnish.
The selection of a very beautiful base does not end with the arrangement of the basis of the rutaria: you must consider how to install and fix it. If at garden rutarias you can not think about it, laying them on a suitable site with a paved or soft coating, then at room rooms it is necessary to think over every detail. The base of the rutaria should be stable, it should stand firmly on the floor or table.
If you can achieve high stability without mounting, then you can do without a separate base-pallet. But most often, rutarium is fixed in a stable container or container, attached to a solid and heavy base. The bottom of the roots and branches are filed and leveled so that they stand reliably and play the role of an unshakable foundation for plants.
Rutarias are often attached to a wooden box or a heavy clay pallet, a pot with glue or sealant, but if desired, it can be fixed on the base and with more reliable fasteners. The selection of containers or pallets allows you to use plants at the base of the rutaria, and install it on stone islands or "puddles" of pebbles and aquarium soil. The presence of such a base makes it easier to clean near the rutarium.
If there are not enough natural cavities on the roots in which plants can be fixed, then holes that imitate natural recesses are specially hollowed out in them. Consider placing the plants before compiling the rutaria, as sawing or tapping holes later can be a problem.
Plants for Rutaria
To begin with, we make a reservation that plants for decoration of the rutaria themselves and plants that can be used as accompaniment are different categories. Indoor plants can be planted not only on the roots and stumps themselves, but also in the soil at the base of the rutaria or in the container in which the rutaria is installed.
Such accompaniment is selected from among the most spectacular plants, taking into account only two parameters - the ability to grow at the level of illumination of the place where the rutarium will be installed, and drought tolerance (water-loving species require frequent watering, which leads to damage to the wood). Such support can be:
- planted in a common container;
- placed in separate containers, filling the space between them with a stone dump or pebbles and hiding, thereby, in fact, at the base of the rutaria there is simply a potted garden.
Decorating the snags themselves is a much more complicated issue. Plants can be planted directly in the recesses in the roots or snags, but most often they are planted in separate containers: this does not damage the base of rutaria, and decoration requires minimal effort. Using pots with autowatering or hydroponics makes maintenance as easy as possible.
For the design of rutaria, plants are selected according to the principle of combining unpretentiousness with effect. Decorativeness, natural beauty, a sense of authenticity combined with roots and wood, braiding and framing a tree are very important. But no less than other characteristics:
- the ability to shoots or leaves to hide the details of the mount and capacity with the plant;
- compact rhizome, the ability to grow in small depressions;
- undemanding care, lack of requirements for strict growing conditions or stability of the environment.
All plants that are used in the design of rutaria are conventionally divided into two groups:
- Ampel cultures. They braid the base, perfectly spread, drape, hide, give a natural, almost wild look.
- Epiphytes. Crops that can grow not only in a container with soil, but also become fixed on a piece of bark, moss, settle in a hollow, are ideal for rutarians
Among the ampelous plants indispensable in the design of rutaria are:
Among the epiphytes, better than others suitable for root gardens, are:
- Forest cacti - Schlumbergera and Ripsalis.
Little extras for a perfect look
Additional decor for rutariaries is very important. The completeness of the composition, the integrity of the image is given using stones, ceramics, and other decor. Small pebbles or stones with a natural texture are selected for aesthetic reasons, they should be well combined with wooden elements and plants, perceived as natural details.
Ceramic crafts and forging elements can become purely decorative, but expressive additions to complete the appearance of rutaria.