Mimosa flower, or Acacia silver
If in the flower shop you see small twigs with yellow beads everywhere, then March 8 is just around the corner. Of course, you guessed that we are talking about a flower, which we commonly called "mimosa". It is a few sprigs of mimosa that women expect on a spring holiday. Tulips, of course, have not been canceled, either, but mimosa is so gentle and warm ... and there is not much heat after winter. But did you know that mimosa is, in fact, not quite mimosa. This plant is called silver acacia or bleached acacia (Acacia dealbata) There is another name - Australian acacia, as it was brought to us from Australia. Is it possible to grow this plant in our gardens? All the secrets of mimosa are in this article.
The birthplace of silver acacia, or Mimosa, is the southeast coast of Australia and the island of Tasmania. Currently, it is widely distributed in southern Europe, Africa, and the USA. On the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus, this species has been cultivated since 1852.
Description of Mimosa (Acacia silvery)
Let's get to know better this modest, unpretentious, delicate and fragrant plant. Not only here, but also in many countries of the world, “mimosa” is the main symbol of the arrival of spring. In some countries, they even hold festivals dedicated to mimosa, lavishly celebrating this day. In particular, in France and Montenegro.
Mimosa belongs to the genus Acacia from the legume family. Silver acacia is an evergreen fast-growing tree, on average, 10-12 m tall (in the homeland, the plant grows up to 45 m). The trunk of the mimosa is prickly, and the leaves have a silver-green color (hence the name of the species - Acacia silvery). Mimosa leaves are very beautiful and similar in shape to fern leaves. The peculiarity of mimosa is that flowering occurs in winter and ends in early spring.
Genus of flowering plants Mimosa (Mimosa), also belonging to the Legume family (Fabaceae), is not related to the silver Acacia described in the material (Acacia dealbata).
Growing mimosa (acacia silvery)
Growing mimosa is not difficult. Mimosa is not a frost-resistant plant and can withstand only up to 10 degrees of frost, so a mimosa needs a climate with mild winters. The soil for the tree must be fertile.
Mimosa loves the sun, it should be sheltered from the wind. It is resistant to drought, watering is necessary only after planting, until completely rooting. The tree does not require pruning. The plant propagates by seeds and cuttings.
Seeds are placed in a moist mixture of sand, peat and earth in equal parts. Two years after sowing, the plant will delight you with flowers. Mimosa should be fertilized with mineral fertilizers in summer and spring twice a month, in winter you can not feed.
You can plant mimosa in your greenhouse and enjoy its flowering not only on the Spring Festival. Although for the holiday it is, of course, indispensable ...