September crib calendar
In this article, we will talk about the upcoming month and recall the things that are ahead of us in September.
September is the beginning of autumn. After the first freezing, usually in the second decade, leaf fall begins, the grass turns yellow.
In the forest there are butterfish, mushrooms, honey mushrooms, ceps and other mushrooms. Opal nuts and acorns are a feast for squirrels, mice that prepare supplies for the winter; Bear, boars, and moose regale themselves with them.
A lot of work is still waiting for us on the site.
We collect all the damaged, rotten, crushed fruits and take them out of the garden or bury them aside, not in a compost heap.
We decide whether or not to remove the foliage in the garden. On the one hand, the leaves cover the roots of trees from frost and subsequently improve the structure and composition of the soil. Also, fallen leaves can be used as a shelter for heat-loving plants and for the construction of warm beds. However, the fallen leaves will have to be removed and burned if the garden last year had any illnesses.
In September, after harvesting, we remove and burn fishing belts.
We take out from the garden or burn the supports that prevent damage to the branches, to destroy the caterpillars of the codling moth that gather in them. For the same purpose, we collect and burn the remnants of containers and other garbage.
Trim actinidia and lemongrass.
Works in the flower garden
- We remove the fallen leaves from the lawn, otherwise they will damage the grass cover during the winter season.
- We cut clematis blooming on the shoots of this year.
- We divide, transplant and plant: peonies, phloxes and other herbaceous perennials.
- Planting bulbs: daffodils, tulips, lilies. In late September, we plant hyacinths.
- Dig and store gladioli.
- We plant biennial seedlings in the flower beds.
- Spud dahlias from frost.
When does autumn come?
Astronomical autumn comes later than calendar: it begins on September 22-23 on the day of the autumnal equinox, and ends on December 21-22 on the day of the winter solstice.
By the amount of heat coming to the earth from the Sun, the equinoxes should be the middle of the corresponding seasons. But the ambient temperature does not change immediately, and the climatic seasons are delayed relatively astronomical.
Forecasters and agronomists consider the beginning of autumn the period of a stable transition of the average daily air temperature below + 10 ° heat, usually this happens from September 15.
Phenologists (scientists observing seasonal phenomena) attribute the beginning of autumn to the time of the appearance of the first yellow strands in the crowns of birches, lindens and elms, and the end is associated with the establishment of a solid snow cover and ice formation on water bodies.
Among the ancient Romans, September was the seventh month of the year and was called septem, which means seven. After the calendar reform carried out by Julius Caesar, September was the ninth month, but did not change its name.
The ancient Slavs called the month of September heather, since at that time heather bloomed. In the Ukrainian, Belarusian and Polish languages, September is now called Veresen.
In September there is Indian summer - a period of warm summer (up to + 25 ... + 27 ° С) and dry weather associated with a stable anticyclone. “Indian summer” comes after a significant cooling, and may be accompanied by secondary flowering of some plants, usually only blooming once a year.
The length of the fine days of the “Indian summer” can be different - as well as the time of its beginning. Usually this is one to two weeks in the middle of September until the beginning of October. In the Central region of the European part of Russia, the beginning of the “Indian summer” began on September 14th. In Europe and North America, this period begins later, at the end of September or in the 1st half of October. In the south of the Far East, Indian summer begins in early October. In southern Siberia, a sharp warming often occurs in late September - early October.
In the European part of Russia, as well as in Belarus and northern Ukraine, in the middle of October, warming to + 15 ... + 20 ° С (for 3–7 days) often also occurs. This period is often mistakenly called the Indian summer.