How to sow carrots in the winter?
In the early spring, after a long winter, I really want vitamin salads from fresh vegetables. For this, they came up with early varieties - they ripen eight weeks after sowing. And already in early July, you can eat fresh carrots. But you can get the crop even earlier. If you sow carrots in the winter, then root crops can be harvested in mid-June.
Moreover, in such early carrots, the fruits are juicier, sweeter and larger than with ordinary sowing. And all this is because it grows in early spring, when the soil is very moist. Moisture is very important for both seed germination and the growth of root crops themselves. The result of such a winter landing is friendly sprouts and the rapid growth of carrots. Such winter sowing has one significant minus: these root crops cannot be stored for a long time. But the pluses on the face.
Many gardeners think that carrots will not rise after winter frosts, and if it does rise on the first warm days, it will freeze even on cold nights. You can not worry about this - sprouts will come out at the right time, and spring garden troubles can be significantly reduced. Moreover, in winter you can plant not only carrots, but also other vegetables.
Where to plant?
Before choosing a site for winter planting of carrots, it is important to remember that she loves loose soil. Therefore, the garden bed needs to be done where the land is lighter and more fertile. It is desirable that it be in a sunny place, so that in spring the snow comes off the bed as early as possible. It is best to plant carrots in the garden just before the winter, and not scallops, so that in spring the seeds are not washed away by meltwater.
It is better to sow carrots after onions, potatoes, cabbage, cucumbers and tomatoes. After harvesting, all remaining weeds, various debris should be removed from the beds, and then the land should be well plowed. When plowing, you need to make mineral fertilizers. Organic fertilizers (fresh manure) will not work, because after them carrots can not be planted in this place for two years. The soil should be ready by mid-October.
What types of carrots can be sown before winter?
It should be remembered that not all varieties are suitable for winter sowing. A good harvest will give cold-resistant early ripe and mid-ripening varieties. For example: Shantane-2461, Moscow winter A-545, vitamin-6, Nantes-4, incomparable, Losinoostrovskaya-13.
When to plant carrots?
You need to sow carrots just before the frost, on frozen soil. It is very difficult to name certain dates, since the climate in Russia is unpredictable. It is necessary to guess that the seeds do not germinate before the onset of frost, because every year the cold comes in different ways. Sowing in October is very dangerous, because when the thaw sets in, seeds can sprout, and subsequent frosts will destroy them. Therefore, carrot should be sown by mid-November, but it is better to increase the seeding rate.
How to sow?
Sow carrots before winter with dry seeds (you do not need to pre-soak and germinate them), since such seeds will not germinate earlier than the set time. The seeds of carrots are small, and so that the sowing is neat, you can use a special seeder.
For the winter, carrots need to be sown according to the following scheme: prepare grooves (1-2 cm deep), pour seeds there, cover with dry, warm earth. After that, lay a layer of peat or humus (about 2 cm.), Compact the soil from above. When the first snow falls, you need to pick it up on the bed and press it with the spruce branches.
In spring, when the snow melts, the spruce branches need to be removed. And as soon as the snow completely disappears from the garden, you need to install low arcs on it and cover them with a film or non-woven material. So carrots ripen even faster. Further care consists in loosening, weeding and thinning.