Chamomile pharmacy - useful properties, growing
Despite the development of modern medicine, it cannot be denied that the use of medicinal plants for various diseases is a pretty good help. Do not forget that many drugs are made on the basis of these same plants. In this sense, chamomile is one of the leaders among useful plants. Even the name of the plant speaks for itself. Let's try to figure out what makes the chamomile pharmacy so popular in medicine, as well as how to grow chamomile on its site.
pharmaceutical camomile, or Chamomile officinalis, or Chamomile peeled (Matricaria chamomilla) - an annual herbaceous plant of the genus Chamomile (Matricaria) of the Aster family.
Useful properties of chamomile pharmacy
The healing properties of chamomile pharmacy have long been known to mankind. The ancient Greek doctors Hippocrates and Dioscorides recommended it to soothe pain and cramps. Pliny the Elder, noting that the god of healing Asclepius himself highly appreciated the chamomile, wrote that all parts of the plant can be used as an antidote for snake bites, a decoction as a diuretic, for liver diseases, excessive bile secretion, eye diseases, and ulcers can be treated with a chewed plant . Avicenna claimed that chamomile is "a useful remedy for exhaustion, for its warmth resembles that of an animal."
In some ancient states, this magical flower was considered sacred. And in our time, chamomile is an unofficial symbol of some countries. Representatives of all Slavic states consider her native. This is not surprising - because the daisy symbolizes the sun. The sun of our ancestors has always been considered an object of worship.
Chamomile pharmacy is one of the most used medicinal plants, its inflorescences (Flores chamomillae) official raw materials in medicine of several tens of countries of the world.
Chamomile itself is a powerful source of various nutrients. It is rich in vitamins, polysaccharides and flavonoids. Flavonoid chamomile flowers in the pharmacy contain twice as much as the flowers and grass of such well-known medicinal plants as medicinal marigolds or yarrow.
In addition, dry chamomile pharmacy baskets contain derivatives of apigenin, luteolin and quercetin, coumarins, polyin compounds, free organic acids, phytosterols, tannins and mucous substances, bitterness, gum, carotene, protein substances, as well as apigenin and herniarine glycosides. On top of that, it contains azulene. Dry flower baskets contain essential chamomile oil. And all this wealth is necessary for our body.
In modern scientific medicine, infusions and decoctions of flower baskets of chamomile pharmacy and its essential oil are used. Chamomile flowers are used as part of gastric, diaphoretic and emollient collections inside and out.
The infusion of chamomile pharmacy flower baskets has anti-inflammatory, hemostatic, antiseptic, weak astringent, analgesic, sedative, anticonvulsant, diaphoretic, choleretic effect.
Growing chamomile pharmacy
Unfortunately, in urban conditions it is not often possible to meet a pharmacy chamomile. More precisely, it is almost impossible. The only thing left for you is to buy a finished product at the pharmacy or arrange a trip out of town. True, even there this flower, to put it mildly, does not grow on every corner. But if you have your own cottage or plot, then you have the opportunity to grow and stock up on a pharmacy chamomile in abundance.
Before you start growing this chamomile pharmacy, you need to decide on the place that you will take for it on your site. Basically, you do not need a lot of space. One or two square meters is enough. The highest yields can be obtained by growing plants on fertile soils clean of weeds. Remember that camomile loves sunlight very much. This point is also very important to consider when choosing a place.
Three sowing dates for chamomile pharmacy are acceptable: winter (in July - August), winter and early spring. Seedlings in spring and winter crops appear in 10-20 days. With winter sowing, seedlings appear in early spring.
The soil must be prepared before planting. In principle, this process is not much different from similar processes used for other plants. Digging and fertilizing, the usual activities for any summer resident. As a fertilizer, rotted manure or compost is perfect. Of the nitrogen fertilizers for chamomile pharmacy, ammonium sulfate or urea is best suited.
Sow chamomile pharmacy is necessary no more often than every half meter. The depth of the furrows should be relatively small. Before planting, furrows must be well shed. You can read the number of seeds used on the packaging. This is usually about a gram per square meter.
If you decide to transplant previously dug up plants, then we must remember that for one square meter the number of seedlings should not be more than 20-30. The same must be guided when the time comes for thinning seedlings.
Care for chamomile pharmacy consists in weeding weeds and loosening row-spacings.
The full growth cycle of chamomile pharmacy takes about 60 days. Chamomile blooms for several weeks. During the growing season spend 4-5 fees. This is necessary to know, since all the beneficial properties of this plant are enclosed in the flower basket itself. When collecting daisies, we will only need them. Harvest flower baskets harvested at the beginning of flowering, until their receptacle has acquired a conical shape..
The collected raw materials of the chamomile pharmacy should not be kept in baskets or piles for more than two to three hours, as it easily loses its quality. Harvested crops are dried either in the sun or using special dryers. I think this process is known to all.
The uses for chamomile are diverse. For example, it can be brewed instead of tea. True, there is one but. The use of such an infusion in excessive quantities is not recommended. In this case, it is better to consult a specialist..
Attention! Chamomile drugs are contraindicated during pregnancy and a tendency to diarrhea.
It is very useful to take a bath with the addition of chamomile. Such a bath will easily help you relieve fatigue and bring a healthy and sound sleep.
It is also useful to treat with infusion of chamomile places where inflammation is observed. However, there is no need to overdo it.
With the correct use of such a plant as chamomile, your body will always be healthy and strong!