What to look for when choosing cucumber seeds?
Hello dear gardeners, gardeners and gardeners. Today we will talk about choosing cucumbers for growing in our beds, in greenhouses, in greenhouses, under shelters. And I would like to note that recently most gardeners still use hybrids, parthenocarpic hybrids, those that do not require pollination, although it is very unfortunate that they forget the varieties, those that are bee pollinated, as a rule.
Varieties are characterized by the fact that, perhaps, a little weaker relate to diseases. Yes, they are more susceptible to diseases, but, nevertheless, for cask salting, perhaps, there are no better cucumbers. And now many of you have large cellars, wooden barrels. And, of course, the best cucumbers - it’s clear that they are varietal bee pollinators, and, as a rule, for the most part these are black-spiked cucumbers. Thick skin is very dense. Cucumbers are good in transportation, in storage, they can be collected for a long period - they do not dry out, do not fade, and then they are salted with whole big barrels.
Of course, this weakness for diseases slightly repels these cucumbers from parthenocarpics, from hybrids. Those that do not require pollination, with them, of course, less worries, but, nevertheless, they are more tender and require, as a rule, shelters. This shelter can be on arcs, or it is greenhouses, or it is hotbeds. I hope you all know how greenhouses differ from greenhouses. It is under these conditions that parthenocarpic cucumbers, which have practically no male flowers and do not require fingers for pollination, are they that grow well in closed conditions in greenhouses, greenhouses, and it is there that they produce the crops that are written on the annotations on the packaging: 32 kg per square meter.
Again, vegetable growers in central Russia, the Non-Chernozem Territory, must remember that the bulk of the tests of cucumbers and any vegetable crops are conducted where the seeds are produced. Where is it more convenient to produce seeds? Of course, in areas of low-risk farming, where the weather is warmer, more reliable. Therefore, it is precisely those data that are written that were obtained, for example, in the Krasnodar Territory. If we have good weather, it means that such a crop can be obtained. But, as a rule, in the middle zone of the Non-Black Earth Region the weather is worse, the light is lower, the sun is also smaller, so the yield of 32-38 kg, as manufacturers sometimes write on packages, is certainly very difficult to obtain.
Parthenocarpics differ in that when we look at a flower, we see any flower with an ovary, be it the usual arrangement of flowers or bunch. And you know that not only 2, 4, 6 flowers can come out of the sinus of one leaf, and therefore ovaries, can go out in dozens. The only thing is that such hybrids have not yet reached the people, but in general, such hybrids exist when 40, and even 50 female flowers can come out of one sinus.
Pollination of parthenocarpics is not required, and, nevertheless, I would advise all of you to plant several specimens of bee-pollinated cucumbers under cover. Why? Because sometimes it happens that a very large bunch of flowers, the first flowers begin to develop, the second pick up this growth, and the third a little lack of strength. And while the former grow up, the latter catch up, the third pair, relatively speaking, lacks strength, they change shape, for example, they may not be very pretty, they may not gain mass. And if these flowers were just pollinated by bees, they would get pollen, in which case then the cucumbers would turn out to be more complete. So, do not forget, this is not difficult to do. Literally 2-4 plants are planted at the beginning and at the end of the greenhouse, and the harvest will be much larger, better and more reliable.
I would like to note the following. Cucumbers are stored for a very long time, seeds of pumpkin crops can be stored for a very long time, but in good conditions. Sometimes, and in most cases, varietal cucumbers, the seeds of which are sprinkled a lot, they are cheap, they are put in such an ordinary packaging, just in bulk. Good parthenocarpics - as a rule, expensive seeds, when five pieces can cost both 50 and 70 rubles - are placed in such a second package. As a rule, it is metallized, which allows you to maintain constant humidity, to prevent any pests, no diseases. And it is best to buy any cucumbers, if possible, in double packaging. It is desirable that they are inlaid, that is, treated with preparations that protect the seeds from diseases, and plus in such a double package that allows extending the shelf life of the seeds in the package itself.
My dears, pay attention to this. And if all of a sudden on a pack with seeds it says “Until 2017” and you are afraid, then in vain. They will also serve you in 2018 and 2020, if they are packaged here in such a metallized package.
Now I’ll cut it quickly, I will show you what the metallized packaging means and what the seeds mean have been pre-processed.
Please see what inlaid seeds mean. They are painted and are in such a package. So try to buy high-quality seeds, even if they are a little more expensive.
Nikolai Fursov. PhD in Agricultural Sciences