To help novice gardeners. Blackberry and blueberry
- To help novice gardeners. Unpretentious perennials
- To help novice gardeners. Climbing plants
- To help novice gardeners. Blackberry and blueberry
Now it’s time for us to please ourselves and surprise our neighbors with not ordinary plantings in the berry. First of all, plant a relative of raspberries - a blackberry. She will be amazed at the fantastic harvest of black, shiny berries of excellent taste. Do not forget about the miraculous blueberries.
Blackberry - delicious juicy berries collected in luxurious brushes. The berries are purple-black, weighing up to 5 grams of sweet and sour taste with a pleasant aroma. These berries contain a lot of vitamins and healthy substances. They improve metabolism, which is very important for diabetics. They inhibit the aging process of the body due to the high content of antioxidants, lower the pressure of hypertensive patients, and also treat the common cold like ordinary raspberries. Blackberry is useful to everyone: children, the elderly and adults!
Like raspberries, blackberries require good lighting. She does not like low wetlands, prefers light soils: loamy and loamy sand, as well as organic fertilizers. Blackberries are planted in spring before buds open or in autumn, but so that the seedlings have time to root themselves. Planting is usually done in a trench way, for which they dig a trench 40 deep and 60-70 cm wide. About 10 kg of organic fertilizers, 200 g of superphosphate, 300 - 500 g of wood ash should be laid per one meter of trench. Fertilizers mix well with the ground and fall asleep in the trench. Seedlings are planted in the holes to the same depth as they grew before. The planted bushes are abundantly watered, mulched and shortened stems.
In dry summers, blackberry bushes need to be watered, since its root system does not go in depth, but develops at the very surface of the soil.
After harvesting, the fertilized shoots are cut out: just like raspberries, blackberry shoots grow in the first year, and in the second year they bear fruit and die.
Recommended Blackberry Varieties:
- Black satin - Forms a powerful bush up to 1.5 m. Stems do not have thorns. But the main thing is the extraordinary productivity - up to 25 kg per bush! It ripens gradually, from mid-August to mid-September. For the winter it is better to shelter.
- Navajo - Besshipny blackberry with large, elastic, crumpled berries when harvesting. Ripening begins in August, picking berries for a month. Frost resistant.
- Thornfrey - Large bush, ovoid berries, fruit ripening ends in late August. Productivity is very high. Frost resistant.
We turn to the blueberry. Few have tried this berry, but everyone knows how useful it is. Indeed, the content of vitamin C in it surpasses even blackcurrant! Blueberries have a diuretic and choleretic effect, is a means to lower blood sugar, and helps with bronchitis. There is evidence that blueberries help improve vision, but there has been debate about this lately. Whatever it was, blueberry berry is wonderful in every way.
Blueberries are common in the North in marshy places. Far away, and you won’t collect much of it there. It is much more convenient to plant blueberries in your garden, since varieties adapted to our climate now offer benefit in nurseries.
Acidic soils, peaty soils, as well as sandy, moderately moistened ones are suitable for blueberries. Blueberries can not tolerate either drought or too long waterlogging.
It is recommended to mulch the soil under the bushes with sawdust, rotted needles.
This berry loves light, but grows well and bears fruit with little shading. Begins to bear fruit at the age of 3 - 4 years. If the bush likes everything, it can grow in one place for several decades.
Recommended varieties of blueberries.
- Toro - The bush reaches up to 2 meters. The berries are large, the yield is high. Withstands frosts up to - 30 degrees
- Patriot - Early variety - first harvest in July. The berries are large, very tasty. Grows in well-lit areas. Frost resistant.
- Berkeley - Late variety. It has a wonderful taste. Frost resistant.
- Coin - The berries are dense, are considered particularly useful. Bushes are tall, bear fruit regularly and generously.
- North country - The most winter-hardy grade, withstands - 40 degrees. The bushes are not high, the berries taste good.