Heliotrope - a symbol of devotion
Heliotrope (Heliotropium, sem. Borage) - a perennial decorative flowering plant. Homeland Heliotrope South America. The most common type is heliotrope european (Heliotropium europaeum) In floriculture, most often used heliotrope tree, or Peruvian (Heliotropium arborescens or Heliotropium peruvianum), originally from Peru and Ecuador. Rarely seen heliotrope stem (Heliotropium amplexicaule) and heliotrope corymboseth (Heliotropium corymbosum).
The heliotrope tree-like grows beautifully and blooms in the apartment. Its height is 40-60 cm. The leaves are rather large, oval-ovate, bright green. Their surface seems velvety due to pubescence. Heliotrope flowers are attractive not only for their beauty, but also for their pleasant aroma. However, there are varieties of heliotrope with white, pink, purple flowers. Inflorescence, depending on the variety, can reach 15 cm in diameter.
The heliotrope blooms from mid-summer to late autumn. The most popular heliotrope varieties:“Marin”, “Mini Marin”, “Princess Marina”, “White Lady” other.
- Heliotrope cultivation
- Heliotrope care at home
- Heliotrope Diseases and Pests
The heliotrope requires good lighting, when placed in the shade of its shoots are elongated, and the flowers become small and pale. In summer, the heliotrope is optimally at a temperature of 22–23 ° С; in winter, a cool content is necessary at 5–6 ° С.
The heliotrope does not need high humidity, but it responds well to spraying leaves.
The heliotrope can be grown as an annual garden plant, it will become an ornament of any flower garden, combining perfectly with marigolds, petunia, salvia. The classic option is to plant a heliotrope between rose bushes.
Heliotrope care at home
In summer, the plant is watered abundantly, the earthen lump should always be moderately moist. From March to October, the heliotrope should be fed with flower fertilizers three times a month. In winter, watering is reduced, but still do not allow complete drying of the substrate in the pot.
The heliotrope is transplanted every spring. Before this, the plant is cut, you can form a heliotrope in the form of a standard tree.
The heliotrope substrate is prepared from sheet, sod, clay soil and sand in a ratio of 1: 1: 1: 1.
The heliotrope is propagated by cuttings in February – April. Lower substrate heating to 22–25 ° С is required.
The heliotrope seeds are sown in March, with seedlings, when they reach 10 cm, it is necessary to pinch the top to strengthen tillering and avoid stretching.
Heliotrope Diseases and Pests
Of the pests, the heliotrope affects aphids, whiteflies and spider mites. Actellik, Fufanon or other insecticides are used to fight.
Gray rot and rust can develop on a plant weakened as a result of improper care, in which case it is necessary to carry out the treatment with the corresponding fungicides.